Jefferson's letter to Mazzei, in which he criticized the federalists (and by extension President Washington) was written in April 1796 but first published in the U.S. in May 1797. It continued to pose a political problem for Jefferson through the election of 1800, and beyond. See "Jefferson's letter to Philip Mazzei: Editorial note," Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Vol. 29, 2002, online. Subject: Political cartoon depicting Jefferson as a francophile traitor. Jefferson kneels at an "Altar to gallic despotism," on which burns a fire fueled by the "Age of reason," the works of French philosophers, and several republican newspapers. He drops from his right hand a paper marked "To Mazzei," a reference to the 1796 letter. A large eagle snatches the Constitution from Jefferson's left hand, and extends a talon threateningly towards his face. At upper right, the eye of Providence looks down upon the scene. The altar is surrounded by money bags, and a devil appears at bottom right.